As an essence of God, Kshathra is God's Ideal Reign, His sovereignty on Earth, the manifestation of His/Hers infinite strength and benevolent power. In relation to Man, Kshathra is the ideal rule or authority that promotes or facilitates the achievement of Completeness/Wholeness and Immortality. At an individual level, it is the power and the authority to harmonize one's thoughts, words and actions, to Loving Good Thinking and the True and Right Order of Things. Thus Kshathra is the Ideal Order - the Good, Loving, Order of Choice, the Kingdom of God on Earth, or at the very least, the way in which God wishes us to live.
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The Kingdom of Good loving Choices - Vohu Kshahthra Vairyo
KSHATHRA: THE KINGDOM
In Zarathushtra's Gathas, each man and woman is urged to reach Mazda Ahura's perfection by imbibing His essences or qualities within himself and in his life. However, man's responsibility does not end with the betterment and growth of just himself. His is a collective responsibility. Apart from himself, he is also responsible for the promotion and establishment of a just, equitable and progressive social and political order around him, in society, in his country and in the world. In other words he must strive to establish Mazda Ahura's Vohu Kshahthra Vairyo - the Kingdom of Good Loving Choices.
The word Kshathra comes from a root meaning 'to settle', or 'better'; the power and or authority to settle and/or protect the settled persons. Kshahthra is cognate with Kingdom. It is often accompanied and qualified by Vohu and less often by vohu and vairyo. But this last is the name we should keep in mind if we want to understand the full meaning of the concept in the Gathas. To fully understand this concept it is necessary to remember two things. First that Zarathushtra often compares the peaceful settler to the aggressive nomad. Second that in the Gathas this life is wrongfully perceived, because in the temporal and unstable material condition, our mind interprets reality in ways that are not correct, creating Druj or Illusion.
The first is not simply a literal comparison. In reality, these two terms are used of the settled person, who decides to settled down and live a productive life, to join society, and to work towards its betterment. It's conversely used of the person, who refuses to be responsible, who selfishly seeks to maintain an unsettled life at the expense of others, and who does not think of, or not want to promote society and the well being of the world.
In the second case, The word is divided into those who perceived in Dru, and those who, by carefully observing nature, realize that something is amiss with reality as they perceive it. From these last group come the great philosophers, prophets and seers of mankind. Naturally, amomg these, some are awakened to the True Reality, by discovering the The Creator and Orderer of the Cosmos. These are the Saoshyants, the Saviors/Benefactors of humanity.
There have probably been 100s of thousands of these, in the long existence of humanity. But, historically speaking, the first and first one, the Forerunners of all historical Saoshyants of the ones that have been, the ones that are and the ones that will be, the one who in his awakening and enlightenment set the basis upon which all others have stood, is Zarathushtra Spitama, The Aryan Manthran, The True Invoker, The First Ratu, The World Teacher, The Fore Runner, The Father of the Teaching of the Saviors.
The implications of Druj give to Kshahthra another than a merely political and social meaning. It becomes the Free Choice of Allowing the Reign (over ones will, thought feelings and desires) of the Creator, through Her/His Essences. This must be a Free and Informed Choice, a willing, aware and conscious surrender, made because of the realization that it is the Correct thing to do.
Its acknowledging the existence of the Creator, Her/His All Goodness, All Wisdom and All 'Knowingness'. While, at the same time, recognizing that even we, who are in truth ethically essentially like unto Her/Him, in our present condition, we perceived wrongly and murkily and not clearly what is the True Reality, the True Nature of Things, in other words, The True and Right Order of Things or Asha.
In the very Zarathushtrian words of Paul, this is realized
in one's very soul, when it is deeply, thoroughly and completely understood that:
So what then is Kshathra? As an essence of Mazda, Kshathra is God's Ideal Reign, His sovereignty on Earth, the manifestation of His/Hers infinite strength and benevolent power. In relation to Man, Kshathra is the ideal rule or authority that promotes or facilitates the achievement of Completeness/Wholeness (Haurvatat) and Immortality Un-deathness. Here I must point out that Ameretat is literally Un-deathness, or without death, and refers to the end of the need to reincarnate, or Return Back from the Chinvat. It can hardly mean anything else since our very souls were made to be coeval with God by His/Her Most Creative Mind (Spenta Mainyu)
How can such an order be brought about? At an individual level, it is the power and the authority to harmonize one's thoughts, words and actions, to Loving Good Thinking and the True and Right Order of Things.
At a collective level it is a social order, where Loving Thinking and Right order of Things rule. It is built on the foundation of stability (Aramaiti). It is reflected in a government, whose representatives are freely chosen, only for their love of Asha. When such men are elected, they become the rehabilitators of those who are oppressed in any way. It is the society that promotes the settled life. (This is the essence of the Ahunavar prayer).
Thus Kshathra is the Ideal Order - the Good, Loving, Order of Choice, the Kingdom of God on Earth, or at the very least, the way in which God wishes us to live. The Divine version of this Order is the "House of Loving Thinking ", or the "House of Song", where the Wise Lord dwells in the foundation of Serenity, Peace and Tranquility (Aramaiti) . Let us see how the Kingdom is used in the Gathas:
Serenity and Peace (Aramaiti) promotes
the Imperishable Kingdom (Song 1:3). It is granted through The Good order of
Things and Loving Thinking (Song 2:10). It is realized through Loving Thinking.
(Song 3:8) It also increased by Loving Thinking and is promoted by The
Right order of Things.
God grants it and the beneficent person works for its realization (Song 4:21 & 22). It belongs to the Loving Thinking and it promotes enlightenment (Song 6:5 & 10) In its Divine plane is gracious rewards and it is divine and powerful.
Promoters of Loving Thinking live in the Divine Kingdom (Song 7:3). It is for protecting the oppressed (Song 7:5). God comes with His/Hers Reign at the final turn of creation (Song 8:6). Serenity and peace prevails in it (Song 8:16). It is arranged through Loving Thinking (Song 9:6). God is the master of it (Song 9:9)
God establishes His principles through His/hers Reign (Song 10:7). The granting of Wholeness & Immortality occurs in the Kingdom (Song 10:10) It Promotes peace through Serenity (Song 13:11) Happy union with the Right Order of Things, is given by God in the Divine Kingdom (Song 14:8)
The rewards of help and protection, through Loving Thinking, The Right Order of Things and the settled life, will belong to whom they were promised through Kingdom (Song 15:1-3). God is praised through Kingdom. (Song 15:4) Kingdom is to be chosen, desired and prayed for (Song 16:1-2) Kingdom provides the honest living oppressed with a better living (Song 17:9)
HAURVATAT: WHOLENESS OR COMPLETION: Haurvatat is the state of Wholeness, or Completeness, that is incrementally achieved by those who choose thoughts, words and deeds of Righteousness, with Good mind and Serenity, while also striving for the Good and Chosen Dominion. It is the goal of physical existence to achieve this full state of Wholeness; it is the prerequisite to Immortality and crossing the Chinvat Peretu (The Sorting Bridge) to the 'Better Existence', or 'The House of Songs'. It can be partially experienced during ones progress to its full achievement. It is also the acquisition of all other Essences of God, for to achieve it, one must be indwelled by, and grow in Righteousness, Good Mind, Serenity, Benevolent Chosen Dominion and all other Essences of God, Seraosha, Ashi etc. When we, through Spenta (progressive) choices, Asha-like choices, and thus Good choices, have completed ourselves to our full capabilities with the acquisition of God's Essences, then we acquire Immortality.
AMERETAT: IMMORTALITY: Literally, Ameretat means non-deathness, or the state of non-dying. This is universally translated as Immortality, but could be defined also as Eternal Life, and in my opinion, it is the state of the self, or soul, who crosses the Chinvat Peretu, attaining the Better Existence and does not have to reincarnate.
It is the state achieved by those who have fully acquired Wholeness, but it is also incremental in nature and thus it can be partially experienced before its full attainment. It is the state that we shall enjoy to its fullest in the Better existence. It is in this Better Existence that we shall achieve, the totality of All God's Essences. That is the Divine Dominion - The House of Good Mind, the House of Song, where God dwells.
Ameretat and Haurvatat are so often used together, that they have been referred to as twins. Wholeness is the final prerequisite for immortality. Only the Whole person, the person who is complete in and of itself, can achieve Ameretat, which guarantees a Better Existence after death. The following are some ways these two concepts are used in the Gathas:
Zarathushtra´s message leads to Wholeness & Immortality (Song 4.6). He who is a friend of God Wise is granted Wholeness and Immortality (Song 4.21). False deities deprive men of Immortality (Song 5.5)
Haurvatat and Ameretat are granted by God (Song 6.8). Deeds, words and venerations lead to them. (Song 7.1). They lead to God's splendor (Song 7.11). Those who hear the divine message shall have Wholeness & Immortality (Song 10.5). They are granted through Good Mind's doctrine (Song 16.7).